What does "residence" mean & how do I count the "residents" in my house?

The general rule of thumb is to count people at their usual residence, which is defined as the place where they live and sleep most of the time. Still, in today’s world where everyone is on the go, sometimes that simple definition is not enough. See the document below for answers to many questions about how and where to count: people away from their residence on census day; people who live or stay in more than one place; college students; people in health care facilities; foreigners and visitors; U.S. military; homeless; and so many more residency situations.


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1. Why does the U.S. Census Bureau ask the question it asks?
2. Are my answers safe and secure?
3. How do I distinguish between an authentic U.S. Census Bureau contact & fraudulent activity & scams?
4. What does "residence" mean & how do I count the "residents" in my house?
5. Do I have to respond to the census?
6. How will the U.S. Census Bureau contact me & how am I to respond?
7. I already filled out a survey from the Census Bureau last year! Why have I been contacted again?
8. What happens in communities where residents may have limited English-speaking abilities?
9. What if I still have questions or concerns?
10. How will people experiencing homelessness be counted?
11. What does Language Assistance look like in the 2020 Census?